BREEDING ANGELFISH PART #1
Listed below are a series of questions that we have received over the years
along with answers to those questions. All answers come from our many years of
experience in the hobby.
Question: How can I tell the difference between a male and a female?
There are some subtle differences that an experienced angelfish breeder can use
to help identify mature males and females. Some angelfish enthusiast says that
the angle of the anal fin in relation to the belly of the angel will identify
the sex. Others say that some male angels may have a hump on the crown and some
may be larger than females, we have found this one to hold true.
There seems to be many ways hobbyist have of tell them apart but none seem to
be 100% correct. Now on to the ways we have found out to be accurate. Only real
way of telling weather you have a male or females is by waiting and observing
them spawn!! At that time, you will be able to see their breeding tube. The female’s
tube is blunt and much larger than the Male's.
The Male's tube is shaped like the tip of a sharpened #2 pencil, shorter and
pointy. During spawning the females lower body will thicken as she starts to
Question: Does the pecking order change when a pair is formed?
Normally the pecking order will stay as it is until a pair has formed. Once a
pair is formed this changes everything in the aquarium, the pair will become
much more aggressive defending their area or territory. The pecking order will
be changed and it is advisable to remove the pair and place them in an aquarium
by themselves usually a 20 gallon High.
Question: Can two different types of angelfish breed?
Yes. Whether gold ,black or silver etc, they will spawn with other
strains of angelfish. This is how new varieties are created. Fin size
and Strain will not matter.
Question: Can I get a pair of angels from keeping just tow angels?
With only two angels it is difficult to get a pair. It has been done, but
getting six or more greatly improves your odds of getting at least one pair.
The chances of getting at least one pair from six angels is 95% Below is a
chart you can utilize to predict pairs, it is not exact but hold pretty true in
1- fish 100% no pair
2- fish 50% for a pair
3- fish 75% for a pair
4- fish 87.5% for a pair
5- fish 93.8% for a pair
6- fish 96.9% for a pair
7- fish 98.4 % for a pair
8- fish 99.2% for a pair
Question : How long does it take an angelfish to reach maturity?
Angels normally reach Adult size in 8 to 12 months
Question : Now that I have a pair and they have spawned ,what can I
If the female has deposited her eggs on a substrate and the male has done his
job and fertilized them the following will occur ( under ideal conditions.)
Day 0 : Eggs are deposited in lines
Day 1 : Infertile eggs will turn white
Day 2 : More eggs may turn white and fall to the bottom of the tank.
eggs may have a fungus growing on them these are not fertilized. Today you may
see tiny tails emerging from clear fertilized eggs.
Day 3 : Tadpole shape forms with yolk sack, fry remain attached to substrate.
Day 4 : Small eyes will begin to form ,fry will be more visible . feeding on
the yolk sack.
Day 5 : Eyes grow larger and fry are beginning to take shape , as the yolk sack
is consumed more rapidly it is a good ides to start your baby brine shrimp
Day 6: Starting to see free swimming fry emerge
Day 7 or 8 The majority of your fry should be free swimming , this is the
time you start feeding them the baby brine shrimp you just hatched.
Question: What can I do to make sure the young angelfish grow quickly to an
Feeding and water quality are the two key ingredients to becoming successful .
First in my mind is food , we feed our angels many different kinds of food
depending on size of our fish. We like to use a good flake food along with
frozen blood worms daily /2 times a day for Adults, 4-6 times a day for smaller
angels . Our fry get BBS baby brine shrimp 6-8 times a day in small amount that
can be consumed within 3-5 min.
Water quality is very important to ensure health fish , we do 20% water
changes twice a week on all tanks with the exception of the fry tanks . Fry
tanks get a 20 -40% changes daily!!
Filtration is also very important, we use sponge filters in all our tanks.