Listed below are a series of questions that we have received over the years along with answers to those questions. All answers come from our many years of experience in the hobby.

Question: How can I tell the difference between a male and a female?
There are some subtle differences that an experienced angelfish breeder can use to help identify mature males and females. Some angelfish enthusiast says that the angle of the anal fin in relation to the belly of the angel will identify the sex. Others say that some male angels may have a hump on the crown and some may be larger than females, we have found this one to hold true. 
There seems to be many ways hobbyist have of tell them apart but none seem to be 100% correct. Now on to the ways we have found out to be accurate. Only real way of telling weather you have a male or females is by waiting and observing them spawn!! At that time, you will be able to see their breeding tube. The female’s tube is blunt and much larger than the Male's.
The Male's tube is shaped like the tip of a sharpened #2 pencil, shorter and pointy. During spawning the females lower body will thicken as she starts to produce eggs.

Question: Does the pecking order change when a pair is formed?
Normally the pecking order will stay as it is until a pair has formed. Once a pair is formed this changes everything in the aquarium, the pair will become much more aggressive defending their area or territory. The pecking order will be changed and it is advisable to remove the pair and place them in an aquarium by themselves usually a 20 gallon High.

Question: Can two different types of angelfish breed?
Yes. Whether gold ,black or silver etc, they will spawn with other strains of angelfish. This is how new varieties are created. Fin size and Strain will not matter.
Question: Can I get a pair of angels from keeping just tow angels?
With only two angels it is difficult to get a pair. It has been done, but getting six or more greatly improves your odds of getting at least one pair. The chances of getting at least one pair from six angels is 95% Below is a chart you can utilize to predict pairs, it is not exact but hold pretty true in our experience.

1- fish 100% no pair
2- fish 50% for a pair
3- fish 75% for a pair
4- fish 87.5% for a pair
5- fish 93.8% for a pair 
6- fish 96.9% for a pair
7- fish 98.4 % for a pair
8- fish 99.2% for a pair

Question : How long does it take an angelfish to reach maturity?
Angels normally reach Adult size in 8 to 12 months 

Question :  Now that I have a pair and they have spawned ,what can I expect?
If the female has deposited her eggs on a substrate and the male has done his job and fertilized them the following will occur ( under ideal conditions.)

Day 0 : Eggs are deposited in lines 
Day 1 : Infertile eggs will turn white 
Day 2 : More eggs may turn white and fall to the bottom of the tank.
            Some eggs may have a fungus growing on them these are not fertilized. Today you may see tiny tails emerging from clear fertilized eggs.
Day 3 : Tadpole shape forms with yolk sack, fry remain attached to substrate.
Day 4 : Small eyes will begin to form ,fry will be more visible . feeding on the yolk sack.
Day 5 : Eyes grow larger and fry are beginning to take shape , as the yolk sack is consumed more rapidly it is a good ides to start your baby brine shrimp hatchery.
Day 6: Starting to see free swimming fry emerge
Day 7 or 8  The majority of your fry should be free swimming , this is the time you start feeding them the baby brine shrimp you just hatched.

Question: What can I do to make sure the young angelfish grow quickly to an adult size?
Feeding and water quality are the two key ingredients to becoming successful . First in my mind is food , we feed our angels many different kinds of food depending on size of our fish. We like to use a good flake food along with frozen blood worms daily /2 times a day for Adults, 4-6 times a day for smaller angels . Our fry get BBS baby brine shrimp 6-8 times a day in small amount that can be consumed within 3-5 min.
Water quality is very important to ensure health fish ,  we do 20% water changes twice a week on all tanks with the exception of the fry tanks . Fry tanks get a 20 -40% changes daily!!
Filtration is also very important, we use sponge filters in all our tanks.


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